អត្ថបទនិពន្ធដោយលោក សម រង្ស៊ី ចុះផ្សាយក្នុងសារព័ត៌មានអន្តរជាតិ Nikkei Asia ថ្ងៃ ០៨ មករា ២០២៣ / Sam Rainsy: EU will need more weapons to tackle deforestation in Cambodia

ចែករំលែក ៖​

០៨ មករា ២០២៣ / 08 January 2023

យើងសូមដកស្រង់ ចំណុចសំខាន់ជាងគេ ក្នុងអត្ថបទជាភាសាអង់គ្លេស ខាងក្រោមនេះ ហើយបកប្រែជាភាសាខ្មែរ ដូចតទៅ ៖

Cambodia's rate of forest destruction is one of the fastest in the world and can be understood only with reference to the country's systemically corrupt institutions.

ល្បឿននៃការបំផ្លាញព្រៃឈើ នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា មានកម្រិត ក្នុងចំណោមលឿនជាងគេ ក្នុងពិភពលោក ហើយបាតុភូតនេះ វាបណ្តាលមកពីអំពើពុករលួយ ពីសំណាក់ថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំប្រទេស។

"Cambodia's political and military apparatus, in its current form, cannot survive without illicitly generated income."

រដ្ឋអំណាចនយោបាយ និងយោធា នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាបច្ចុប្បន្ន មិនអាចរស់រានមានជីវិតបានទេ បើមិនអាចប្រមូលចំណូល ពីសកម្មភាពខុសច្បាប់ ដូចជាការកាប់បំផ្លាញព្រៃឈើ។

About 500,000 cubic meters of Cambodian wood enters Vietnam each year. Cambodia is the supplier of last resort for anyone who will pay for timber.

ឈើ ប្រមាណ ៥០ ម៉ឺន ម៉ែត្រគូប ត្រូវបានគេនាំចេញពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ទៅប្រទេសវៀតណាម ជារៀងរាល់ឆ្នាំ។ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ជាប្រភពឈើពិតប្រាកដ និងចុងក្រោយ សម្រាប់នរណា ដែលមានលុយទិញឈើ។

Since the accession of Hun Sen to the position of prime minister in 1985, I have been denouncing systematic deforestation in Cambodia. My condemnation of deforestation and the Mafia-type state organizations that carry it out cost me my job as minister of finance in 1994.

តាំងពី ហ៊ុន សែន បានឡើងកាន់តំណែងជានាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ក្នុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៨៥ ខ្ញុំ (សម រង្ស៊ី) បានលាតត្រដាង និងថ្កោលទោស ការកាប់បំផ្លាញព្រៃឈើជាប្រព័ន្ធ នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។ ការដែលខ្ញុំថ្កោលទោស ការកាប់បំផ្លាញព្រៃឈើនេះ និងការដឹកនាំប្រទេស តាមរបៀបចោរម៉ាហ្វៀរ (ក្រោមរបបចោរាធិបតេយ្យ សព្វថ្ងៃ) បានធ្វើឲ្យគេបណ្តេញខ្ញុំ ពីតំណែងជារដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងហិរញ្ញវត្ថុ ក្នុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៩៤។

Hun Sen's regime has continued to pursue me to this day. In October, a Phnom Penh court sentenced me to life in prison over my 2013 promise to ethnic minority groups to restore land, forests and mountains taken from them by the government, if the democratic opposition were elected.

របប ហ៊ុន សែន នៅតែបន្តធ្វើទុក្ខបុកម្នេញមកលើរូបខ្ញុំ រហូតមកដល់ថ្ងៃនេះ។ ក្នុងខែតុលា ២០២២ តុលាការទីក្រុងភ្នំពេញ បានកាត់ទោសខ្ញុំ ឲ្យជាប់ពន្ធនាគារ អស់មួយជីវិត ដោយសារតែខ្ញុំ បានសន្យាឲ្យជនជាតិដើមភាគតិច (ខ្មែរលើ) កាលពីឆ្នាំ ២០១៣ ថាខ្ញុំនឹងប្រគល់សងដីធ្លី ព្រៃឈើ និងព្រៃភ្នំ ជូនដល់ជនជាតិដើមភាគតិចទាំងនោះវិញ នៅពេលណាគណបក្សប្រឆាំង តាមបែបបទប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ នឹងឡើងមកកាន់អំណាច។ ដីធ្លី ព្រៃឈើ និងព្រៃភ្នំទាំងនោះ ត្រូវបានអ្នកមានអំណាច ប្លន់ពីជនជាតិដើមភាគតិចទាំងនោះ។

Prime Minister Hun Sen, a vastly wealthy man despite his ostensibly humble salary, stands at the system's apex.

ក្នុងសោកនាដកម្ម ដែលប្រទេសយើងកំពុងតែរងគ្រោះនេះ លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន ជាមេខ្លោង នៃការកាប់បំផ្លាញព្រៃឈើ ដូចទ្រព្យសម្បត្តិដ៏ស្តុកស្តម្ភរបស់គាត់ និងក្រុមគ្រួសារគាត់ បញ្ជាក់ឲ្យយើងឃើញទាំងអស់គ្នា។

https://asia.nikkei.com/.../EU-will-need-more-weapons-to...

Nikkei Asia

January 8, 2023

EU WILL NEED MORE WEAPONS TO TACKLE DEFORESTATION IN CAMBODIA

By Sam Rainsy

A pending European Union ban on the import of products linked to deforestation will be the first of its kind as well as a welcome step forward in protecting global resources.

The European Parliament and European Council agreed to the ban last month, but each still needs to formally approve it. Under the proposal, importers will have to certify that the goods they are bringing into the bloc did not contribute to forest degradation anywhere in the world, or face fines of up to 4% of their annual EU revenues.

Other nations and blocs would do well to follow in the EU's footsteps. But financial penalties will not be enough to end deforestation in corrupt nations like my native Cambodia, where the practice stems more from political imperatives than economic ones.

According to Forest Trends, a Washington-based conservation group, Cambodia's annual deforestation rate is now 2.7%, up from an average of about 0.5% between 1973 and 1993. The country lost over 750,000 hectares of forest in nominally protected areas between 2000 and 2020, including 77,000 hectares in 2020.

Cambodia's rate of forest destruction is one of the fastest in the world and can be understood only with reference to the country's systemically corrupt institutions.

In a September report on illegal logging in Cambodia, the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, a Geneva-based grouping of law enforcement officials, said, "Cambodia's political and military apparatus, in its current form, cannot survive without illicitly generated income."

Cambodia's military has over 124,000 active personnel, a force comparable to that of Spain, despite its population being only a third the size of the European nation and having far lower average income levels and paltry tax collections.

Cambodia is home to an estimated 24 different Indigenous peoples, who account for about 3% of its population. Amnesty International documented last year how the rights of Cambodian Indigenous peoples, such as the Kuy, are being violated by deforestation. Many of Cambodia's Kuy live in and around the 500,000-hectare Prey Lang Wildlife Sanctuary.

According to a submission to the U.N. special rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous peoples last July by the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, an umbrella group promoting Indigenous rights, illegal deforestation in the forest has been facilitated by government corruption and has resulted in the Kuy being subjected to harassment and intimidation. The government has banned the Kuy's Prey Lang Community Network from conducting anti-logging patrols in the forest, calling the group an illegal organization.

In Cambodia's case, the EU's deforestation initiative must be seen in the context of Brussels' decision in 2020 to temporarily remove preferential tariff benefits under its Everything But Arms program for some 20% of Cambodian exports over human rights concerns.

This move has had little impact. Labor rights continued to be disregarded in the country. A union leader involved in a strike at the NagaWorld casino hotel, for example, faces criminal charge of "inciting social chaos." The Cambodia National Rescue Party, which I co-founded, remains banned ahead of planned elections in July.

Lumber from Cambodia supplies Vietnam, which has banned logging in its own forests. Laos was previously a major lumber supplier to Vietnam but it, too, banned exports in 2016.

Vietnam is the second-largest timber product exporter in Asia and the fifth-largest in the world. Forest Trends has estimated that about 500,000 cubic meters of Cambodian wood enters Vietnam each year. Cambodia is the supplier of last resort for anyone who will pay for timber.

Since the accession of Hun Sen to the position of prime minister in 1985, I have been denouncing systematic deforestation in Cambodia. My condemnation of deforestation and the Mafia-type state organizations that carry it out cost me my job as minister of finance in 1994.

Hun Sen's regime has continued to pursue me to this day. In October, a Phnom Penh court sentenced me to life in prison over my 2013 promise to ethnic minority groups to restore land, forests and mountains taken from them by the government, if the democratic opposition were elected.

Other activists have paid with their life for trying to defend the environment in Cambodia. It has been more than 10 years since Chut Wutty, a tireless campaigner, was murdered while investigating illegal logging in Koh Kong province. The government investigation into his death followed the familiar pattern of being closed almost as soon as it was opened.

The EU must take a comprehensive, not piecemeal, approach to Cambodia's systemic corruption. The bloc should withdraw preferential tariff benefits for all Cambodian exports, not just 20%. Individuals responsible for violations of human and labor rights and the destruction of the environment should be sanctioned.

Those responsible for the various abuses are all the same group of people. Prime Minister Hun Sen, a vastly wealthy man despite his ostensibly humble salary, stands at the system's apex.

Sam Rainsy

Sam Rainsy, a former Cambodian finance minister, is a leading member of the country's opposition movement.

ព័ត៌មានថ្មីបំផុត
បើ​លោក ហ៊ុន សែន បន្ត​កាន់​អំណាច​ទៅ​មុខ​ទៀត តើ​ខ្មែរ​នឹង​ឈប់​ក្រ​ឬ​ទេ?
លោក សម រង្ស៊ី អំពាវនាវប្រទេសឥណ្ឌូនេស៊ី ឲ្យជម្រុញសមាគមអាស៊ាន (ASEAN) ទាំងមូល គោរពគោលការណ៍ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ ដូចប្រទេសឥណ្ឌូនេស៊ី អញ្ចឹងដែរ / Sam Rainsy: Indonesia can help repair ASEAN’s authoritarian drift under Cambodia’s Hun Sen
សម្តេចព្រះនរោត្តម សីហនុ បានហៅ ហ៊ុន សែន ថាជាជនក្បត់ជាតិ ហើយបានប្រដូច ហ៊ុន សែន ជាមួយជនក្បត់ជាតិ ២ នាក់ទៀត គឺ Pierre Laval នៃប្រទេសបារាំង (France) និង Vidkun Quisling នៃប្រទេសន័រវេស (Norvège) / Norodom Sihanouk: "Hun Sen is a traitor who can be compared to Pierre Laval and Vidkun Quisling"
ហ៊ុន សែន សព្វថ្ងៃ ជាមេដឹកនាំ របៀប ហ្វាស៊ីស (Fasciste) ដូច មូសូលីនី (Mussolini) នៅប្រទេសអ៊ីតាលី ពីឆ្នាំ ១៩២២ ដល់ ១៩៤៥ / Hun Sen fascist-type regime.
មរតកដែល ហ៊ុន សែន បន្សល់ទុក គឺ គ្រាប់បែកមួយ ដែលនឹងផ្ទុះ នៅថ្ងៃខាងមុខ / HERITAGE DE HUN SEN POUR LE CAMBODGE : UNE BOMBE A RETARDEMENT
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