លិខិតចំហ លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ផ្ញើទៅឲ្យ ក្រុមហ៊ុន Facebook / Open letter to Facebook (*)

ចែករំលែក ៖​

១៨ វិច្ឆិកា ២០២២ / 18 November 2022 

លិខិតចំហ លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ផ្ញើទៅឲ្យ ក្រុមហ៊ុន Facebook

(ក្រុមហ៊ុននេះ ទើបតែបានប្តូរឈ្មោះ ទៅជា Meta)

ក្នុងលិខិតនេះ លោក សម រង្ស៊ី រំលឹកពីការចំណាយលុយ រាប់លានដុល្លារ ពីសំណាក់លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ដើម្បីជួលមនុស្ស តាមរយៈក្រុមហ៊ុនខិលខូច (Click farms) ទូទាំងពិភពលោក ឲ្យបង្កើតគណនី Facebook ក្លែងក្លាយ ប្រមាណ ១០ លានគណនី ដើម្បីផ្តល់ Like ក្លែងក្លាយ ឲ្យទៅគណនី Facebook របស់លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ខ្លួនឯង ហើយប្តឹង ដោយនិយាយអាក្រក់ (Report) ពីគណនី Facebook លោក សម រង្ស៊ី។

ហ៊ុន សែន ជាមនុស្សក្លែងក្លាយ។ អ្វីៗ ដែលគាត់ធ្វើ ឬអះអាង សុទ្ធតែក្លែងក្លាយទាំងអស់។ ថ្ងៃកំណើតគាត់, ប្រវត្តិរូបគាត់, សញ្ញាប័ត្រដែលគាត់បានទទួល, ពានរង្វាន់ដែលគាត់បានទទួល, បោះឆ្នោតតាមរបៀបគាត់, សន្លឹកឆ្នោតគាំទ្រគាត់, "ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ"គាត់, "អភិវឌ្ឍន៍"គាត់, "សន្តិភាព"គាត់ -ល- រហូតដល់ Like ស្រឡាញ់ទំព័រ Facebook របស់គាត់ សុទ្ធតែក្លែងក្លាយទាំងអស់។

(*) AN OPEN LETTER TO FACEBOOK ON CAMBODIAN DICTATOR HUN SEN'S MANIPULATION

Dear Facebook / Meta,

I am the main long-term political opponent of dictatorial Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, one of the world’s longest serving dictators who has held power since 1985.

I live in forced exile in France because Hun Sen will not allow me into the country. The peaceful opposition party which I co-founded in 2012, the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was dissolved by Cambodia’s politically controlled supreme court in 2017. One of the few remaining ways in which criticism of the regime can be voiced is through my Facebook page, which has 5 million followers.

Hun Sen has been reported to be the fourth-most followed head of state or head of government on Facebook, in a country with a population of 17 million.[1] His following has been independently shown by socialbakers.com to contain millions of fake accounts in countries outside Cambodia, mainly in India, the Philippines, Indonesia and Brazil.[2] His rented audience is being used as a kind of online “rent a mob” to restrict access to my posts in Cambodia. Large numbers of paid agents are told to send messages to Meta Platforms, the company which runs Facebook, to denounce my page. They send these messages under false names and claim that my content breaches Facebook Community Standards.

Until 2021, many of my videos were getting millions of views, but now that figure has been cut by 10 or 20 times. Needless to say, my audience of real supporters does not spend its time giving negative feedback on Hun Sen’s posts because 1) to do so would risk serious repercussions from the regime and 2) no-one is paying them to do so.

This is not trivial at the level of a contest for online popularity. A French court in October defended my right to freedom of expression on Facebook when it rejected a libel case filed by Hun Sen against me. I stated on Facebook in 2019 that Hun Sen was responsible for the deaths of Cambodian trade union leader Chea Vichea, who was gunned down in Phnom Penh in 2004, and former police chief Hok Lundy who died in a helicopter crash in 2008. The French court stated that my statements are “part of a major general-interest debate over respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cambodia.”

These freedoms are being taken away. Theary Seng, a qualified lawyer who is a dual citizen of the US and Cambodia, is among political prisoners jailed after a mass trial in June. The “evidence” consisted of Facebook posts she created or shared which criticized the government in peaceful terms and expressed support for the opposition. Theary Seng’s case was personally raised by US President Joe Biden with Hun Sen on his recent visit to Cambodia.

Reducing the size of my Facebook audience at any cost is a priority for Hun Sen. The misuse of Facebook by the prime minister is part of a wider plan to establish full state control over the Internet similar to that in China and Myanmar. Even though the opposition was banned well before the 2018 national elections, the government ordered access to the Cambodia Daily, Voice of America and Voice of Democracy to be blocked in the run-up to the poll, while outlets which support the regime were left open. The government said in the run-up to the 2018 elections that anyone posting anything it deemed “fake news” on Facebook faced up to two years in jail and a fine of up to $1,000. Hun Sen boasted that the government could locate any Facebook user it wanted. “It doesn't take much time, only six minutes. No need to send police from Phnom Penh; we have the force there.”

After the election, the Covid-19 pandemic was used as an excuse to crack down on any and all criticism of Hun Sen’s regime which was simply labelled “fake news”. Restrictions on online content are framed as vaguely as possible to give the government a free hand, and the politically compliant judiciary is simply a rubber stamping process for whoever the regime wants to prosecute. The government now wants to create a single internet gateway to allow unlimited censorship and surveillance, though postponed its initial timetable for doing so in February this year.

The way in which Facebook’s system is being used to block one of few remaining sources of public information in Cambodia is clear. I urge Facebook to re-examine its criteria for allowing page access and not allow this to be maliciously disrupted by a hostile rented audience. Facebook should also take action to prevent Hun Sen from exaggerating the size of his true following, and address the fact that Hun Sen on many occasions has used Facebook to intimidate users who politically oppose him.

Cambodia has a national election due in July 2023. Facebook must take action against Hun Sen rather than simply allow the government tactics of 2018 to be repeated. Failure to do so would leave Facebook as simply a tool of a violent authoritarian.

Best regards,

Sam Rainsy

[1] https://www.phnompenhpost.com/.../hun-sen-fourth-most...

[2] https://www.phnompenhpost.com/.../only-20-cent-pms-recent...

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